Analyzing changes in fossil heating fuel use in Vermont, 2018-2023

by Jared Duval, Executive Director, and Lena Stier, Data Manager & Research Analyst

May 2024


From 2018 to 2023 total annual sales of fossil heating fuels (primarily fuel oil, fossil gas, and propane) in Vermont declined by 12%. This paper explores the reasons behind overall and fuel-specific changes in thermal sector fuel use, and considers the implications for Vermont’s GHG emissions in relation to the Global Warming Solutions Act and the Affordable Heat Act.

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Note: Graphs are shown here in the order in which they appear in the report.